Medical resources and patient volumes in hospitals
Nationwide figures for the number of doctors in the same specialties that were included in the study by Rosta and Aasland for 2010 and 2014 were retrieved from Statistics Norway and the Directorate of Health (2). These included medical specialties (paediatrics, physical medicine and rehabilitation, dermatology and venereology, internal medicine, haematology, endocrinology, gastroenterology, geriatrics, cardiology, infectious diseases, pulmonary diseases, phrenology, neurology, oncology and rheumatology) as well as surgical specialties (anaesthesiology, obstetrics and gynaecology, general surgery, paediatric surgery, gastric surgery, vascular surgery, thoracic surgery, urology, breast and endocrine surgery, maxillofacial surgery and diseases of the oral cavity, neurosurgery, orthopaedic surgery, plastic surgery, otorhinolaryngology and ophthalmology). Data for trends in the number of patients in outpatient medical treatment, including radiotherapy, chemotherapy and dialysis, were retrieved from the Samdata report for 2014 (3). Data on the working hours of doctors and the time they spend working directly with patients were retrieved from the study by Rosta and Aasland (1).